Improving Regime Cohesion
The goal of improving regime cohesion to build a unified and durable nuclear security regime adapted to the 21st century globalized threat environment. The NSGEG members have in their workshops deliberated the following issues and questions and prepared papers considering how to improve regime cohesion.
Improving Nuclear Security Regime Cohesion, Summary of July 2012 Workshop and Initial Policy Recommendations
Assessing the Current Nuclear Security Regime
- The scope: nuclear material, radiological source and facility security
- Identifying the strong points and benefits of the current regime
- Identifying regime gaps that need to be addressed
- Enhanced security value of universalizing the current regime elements
Applicability of Existing Institutions for Regime Improvement
- How can existing nuclear governance practices, preconceptions, and institutions most effectively and efficiently evolve to keep pace with the change?
- What role can and should the nuclear safety regime play as a template for nuclear security?
- Can civil nuclear cooperation agreements and/or Euratom be models for instituting peer reviews and transparency?
Ideas and Innovations for Regime Improvement—Baseline Standard
- Is there value in creating a “standard” or “baseline” that countries should recognize and implement in protecting their nuclear and radiological materials and facilities?
- What could or should be the elements of this baseline (technical and policy)?
- What is the most effective use/deployment of INFCIRC 225 Rev. 5, the radiological source code of conduct, and other International Atomic Energy Agency recommendations?
- How could a baseline be implemented (universally or voluntarily) and could there be deviation in the implementation to account for national concerns and differences in facilities and operations?
- What transparency measures or other assurances of implementation could or should accompany a baseline standard?
- How can nations be incentivized to participate in the baseline standard?
Working Paper: The IAEA and Nuclear Security by Trevor Findlay, Canadian Centre for Treaty Compliance at Carleton University
Ideas and Innovations for Regime Improvement—Framework Agreement
- What are the benefits for the nuclear security regime of developing a framework convention on nuclear security?
- What are the components of the framework convention and its subsequent protocols?
- What is the most effective path toward this goal?
- How to overcome or minimize opposition to the framework proposal?
Value of Institutionalizing Nuclear Security
- Opportunities in the Netherlands Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) and strategies to capitalize on them
- Options for institutionalizing the NSS objectives beyond 2014
- Can or should nuclear security become a counterweight to Non-Proliferation Treaty gridlock?